NORTH AMAZON REGION
Its closeness to the Equator makes the beaches of Tumbes ideal places for
surfing, diving, fishing, or simply for the people searching for fun
and sun in summer. Punta Sal is thought to be one of the best
beaches in Peru because of its white sand and rich marine life. The
Zorritos cove is famous for its tranquil water and wide variety of
Piura, full of joy and song, was in 1532 the first city founded in
Peru by Francisco Pizarro. At present, it is an important center of
economic development in northern Peru. The coast of Piura offers
many diverse attractions. Máncora, located close to the Piura-Tumbes
border, is a small cove with beautiful beaches much prized by
surfers, fun loving youths, and entire families. Toward the south
lies Cabo Blanco, famous for the people cut from the same cloth as
Ernest Hemmingway, attracted by ocean fishing for marlin, swordfish,
and grouper. Today, it is the perfect place to surf since some of
the best waves in Peru are found there.
The department of
Lambayeque is located on the coastal plain and combines arid zones,
rich valleys, and dry forests. Chiclayo, bordered by fertile
valleys and very close to the ocean, is the capital of the
department and the commercial nexus among the three Peruvian
regions: coast, highland, and jungle. This territory was the cradle
of the Mochicas, which makes Lambayeque one of the most interesting
archeological destinations in the country. It was in 1987 that the
famous royal tombs of Sipán were discovered, the burial remains of
an important Mochican ruler. Besides the Sipán archeological site,
you can visit the modern Royal Tombs of Sipán Museum that contains
the most extraordinary gold pieces found in the excavations.
Likewise, it is worth a visit to the Brunning Museum, located in the
province of Lambayeque, and to the Sicán Museum, located in the
province of Ferreñafe. Túcume is another archeological site of
unique beauty. There, you will see more than twenty adobe pyramids,
all approximately forty meters high, that belong to the Lambayeque
culture and which are nestled in an area full of wildlife and
The department of La Libertad features a varied relief, starting from the
coast line, passing though the highlands (Andes) of Otuzco, Julcan,
and Santiago de Chuco, and ending in the upper jungle (The Amazon
Rain Forest) at the border of the Department of San Martin. The
coast enjoys beaches and fertile valleys that are very important to
the national agricultural production.
the capital of the department, is known as the city of eternal
spring because of its blessed climate and festive atmosphere. The
area was inhabited by two important, ancient Peruvian civilizations,
the Mochica and the Chimú, and later, it became an important vice
royal city. Among its uncountable archeological attractions, there
is Chan Chan, the largest mud city in the Americas and ancient
capital for the Chimú. UNESCO placed it on the World Cultural
Heritage List in 1986. There, you can see the remarkable huacas
(pre-Incan sacred places) built by the Mochicas like the Huaca of
the Sun and of the Moon, which measure more than twenty meters.
Also, the El Brujo complex, decorated with inspiring figures of
dancers and warriors. The city also has a splendid Colonial
architecture where you will want to see the Cathedral, the
Archbishop’s Palace, the Church of the Company of Jesus Christ, the
monastery of El Carmen, and the many Colonial houses.
The city of
Cajamarca brings together three ingredients that make it an
unforgettable destination: a magnificent Colonial architecture,
beautiful countryside, and a rich history since it was the scene of
an important episode of South American history. Here, the
Conquistador Francisco Pizarro captured the Inca Atahualpa who, in
spite of fulfilling his part of the ransom, was killed. From that
point onward, the conquistadors drafted the city in the traditional
Spanish way, and today the Colonial constructions of the Cathedral,
the churches of San Francisco, Belen, and la Recoleta, mansions, and
monuments are preserved.
The capital, Chachapoyas, full of narrow streets and containing a large
Main Square, maintains beautiful mansions and lovely balconies as
evidence of its Colonial past. This is the launching site for
excursions to the fabulous citadel of Kuélap, built by the
Chachapoyas, a fierce people that for years resisted the expansion
of the Incas.
San Martín is a zone full of fertile valleys and rough terrain that is
spread out between the Andean mesa and a small area of lower jungle.
The first Spanish city in the jungle, named Santiago de los Ocho
Valles de Moyobamba, was founded there in 1549. It served as a base
for later colonization and departmental growth as well as the site
where the first religious orders established themselves. Small
lakes, hot springs with restorative properties, and lovely
waterfalls dot the entire department.
Loreto is the largest yet least populated department in Peru. It is
covered by dense vegetation and by primary and secondary jungle with
low hills and slightly rolling landscape, crisscrossed by the many
rivers of the Amazon River basin, which is born at the confluence of
the Marañon and Ucayali Rivers.
Iquitos, the capital of Loreto, is the main port city on the
Amazon River and the largest city in the Peruvian jungle. Different
indigenous people groups like the Cocama, Huitoto, and Bora first
inhabited the area. Then came the Jesuit missionaries who founded
the city. One of the best attractions in Loreto is navigating on
the rivers and lakes and enjoying the beautiful beaches. The Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve (2,080,000 hectares), the largest
reserve in Peru, is located 183 kilometers from the city and is home
to numerous plant and animal species, many of them in danger of
extinction like the charapa river turtle, the giant river otter, the
black caiman, and the river dolphin.
Tomb of the Lord
of Sipán at Huaca Rajada
National Museum of Sicán |
and Huaca Dragón
Pyramids of the
Sun and the Moon
| Huanchaco |
El Brujo |
Cajamarca City Tour
Otuzco and Thermal Springs
Hotels in the Area
Costa del Sol
Hotel Libertador Trujillo |
Hotel Laguna Seca
El Dorado Plaza
Victoria Regia Hotel
| Ceiba Tops |
Explorama Lodge |
Tomb of the Lord of Sipán at Huaca Rajada (3 Hours, Private Services
Visit to the
tomb of the Lord of Sipán and the countryside with its sugar, rice
and cotton fields. The first of the tombs belonging to the Lords of
Sipán was found in 1987 and it was immediately ranked as the world’s
most important archaeological discovery in the last quarter century
and compared to the finding of King Toutankamon’s tomb in the Valley
of the Kings in Egypt
National Museum of Sicán (4 Hours, Private Services
Guided visit to the National Museum of Sicán, opened last year,
where you will find around 200 pieces of gold and one hundred
ceramics belonging to the Lambayeque Culture. Sicán was the most
important religious centre of the north of Peru. Here you can
appreciate the development of history of this culture between 700
and 1375 years A.D.
Túcume (4 Hours, Private Services Only)
Visit to the adobe pyramid temples of Túcume, 40 kms/25 miles north
of Chiclayo. From one of the scenic points you can identify the
remains of at least five temples. Some served residential and
administrative functions while others were clearly dedicated to
religious ceremonies. The beauty and monumental aspect of Tucume
make it resemble the grandiose capitals of Mesopotamia.
Chan-Chan and Huaca Dragón (3 Hours,Private Services Only )
"must" for all visitors, the well planned metropolis of Chan-Chan,
the ancient capital of the Chimu Empire. It is the largest
pre-Columbian city in South America, built entirely of mud and adobe
bricks. A stop is made at Huaca Dragon to visit this restored,
pyramidal, adobe temple consecrated to the rainbow, with beautiful
bas-reliefs and a small archaeological museum..
Pyramids of the Sun and the Moon (3 hours, Private Services Only)
few kilometers south east of Trujillo, stand the large pyramids of
the Sun and the Moon. Built of millions of adobe bricks, they are
the largest pre-Columbian structures in South America. Interesting
colored friezes are being discovered and can be seen during the
visit to the Moon pyramid.
Huanchaco (3 Hours, Private Services Only)
Next to Chan-Chan, this fishing-village is well known for the
"Caballitos de Totora", boats made of bundles of "totoras" (reed)
used since the times of the Mochicas and Chimu for fishing. Very
nice beaches and good fish restaurants. Upon request lunch can be
Brujo – The Witch (4 Hours, Private Service Only)
archaeological complex to the north of Trujillo, beside the sea,
covering 6 h. and dating back to 3000 BC. Only part of it can be
visited. The Cao Viejo Pyramid shows colored bas-reliefs with human
figures such as dancers and prisoners.
Cajamarca City Tour (3 Hours)
Visit to the Main Square, the Cathedral with its splendid
17th century facade of sculptured volcanic rock, the Church of San
Francisco, with its Chapel consecrated to the "Virgen de los
Dolores", the Church of Belen, an architectural baroque complex
dating from the 17th and 18th centuries. Then continue to "Cerro
Santa Apolonia", where you will have a magnificent panoramic view of
the city and its surroundings and finally the Ransom Room where the
last Inca was held prisoner.
Necropolis of Otuzco and Thermal Springs (4 Hours)
The Necropolis of Otuzco consists of a series of crypts or niches
cut at several levels into the side of a cliff by the valley's
pre-Inca inhabitants. The tour also includes a visit to the lush
surroundings of Cajamarca and a stop at a dairy farm. The tour
finishes with a visit to the Thermal Springs or "Baños del Inca"
where Atahualpa was camping when Pizarro arrived in 1532.
Loreto-Iquitos (Amazon River)
The Amazon River begins as hundreds of tiny streams high
in the Peruvian Andes, some of them within 100 miles of the Pacific
Ocean. Rushing down the slopes, stream after stream continues to
merge to form larger and larger rivers. Near Iquitos in eastern
Peru, the northeastward flowing Ucayali and the Rio Marañón, the two
main headwaters of the Amazon, unite to form a truly major river.
One result of so much rain is that Amazonia is covered by the
largest tropical rain forest in the world. Another result is that
the river carries by far the largest volume of water of any river in
There are several hotels but most visitors prefer to
continue on to the many jungle lodges along the different branches
of the Amazon River which allow closer contact with the rain forest.
Hotels in the Area:
Costa del Sol (Tumbes)
The Costa del Sol Hotel is located close to the Tumbes main square. Our
40 Bedrooms are equipped with: A/C, TV. Cable, Direct connection to
Internet, Safe-deposit box, Telephone with dialed direct, Connection
to 110 and 220 Volts, Minibar, Hair Drying, and all the comforts. We
also have wide and comfortable Suites with Jacuzzi.
Gran Hotel Chiclayo. Moderate-Deluxe
hotel located six blocks from the Main Square, overlooking a park.
Large rooms with bath and air-conditioning. Restaurant, coffee shop,
discotheque, and casino. Swimming pool.
Inca Hotel (Chiclayo) Moderate
The Inca hotel is centrally located, 3 blocks away from the main park of
Chiclayo. It offers comfortable accommodation and warm hospitality.
The 65 hotel’s rooms are equipped with amenities and provide all the
comforts to its guests.
Hotel Libertador Trujillo. Moderate-Deluxe
78 rooms .
Located in the
centre of town, on the main plaza (Plaza de Armas). Totally
renovated in l994 with the latest modern equipment. Rooms with bath,
air-conditioning, cable TV, minibar, safety deposit box. Restaurant,
coffee shop and bar, Conference rooms, Swimming pool.
Hotel Laguna Seca (Cajamarca) Moderate-Deluxe
Laguna Seca is found in the most beautiful and peaceful location in the
green and quiet valley of Cajamarca. The facilities include outdoor
swimming pools, thermal basins in each room, turkish baths with
natural steam that comes from the springs, scented with the
wonderful aroma of eucalyptus leaves. Laguna Seca Hotel is a wonderful refuge, with large green areas and
peaceful surroundings. It has 85 beds in Suites, Junior Suites,
Single, Double and Honeymoon rooms.
El Dorado Plaza Hotel (Iquitos) Deluxe:
Located in the
Main Square, this fully air conditioned hotel is equipped with
swimming pool, jacuzzi, sauna, fitness center, bar and restaurant.
It is the only five stars hotel in Iquitos.
Victoria Regia Hotel (Iquitos) Moderate
blocks from the main square. Modern decoration and rooms with bath,
telephone, TV and air-condition. Coffee shop. Small swimming pool
in the patio.
Ceiba Tops (Amazon Lodge)
CEIBA TOPS, the newest of Explorama’s lodges, opened in 2000, is located
on the banks of the Amazon River just 40 km (25 mi) from Iquitos.
Ceiba Tops offers the comforts of home, air conditioned rooms with
private bathrooms, in the most luxurious of Amazonian Rainforest
settings. At Ceiba Tops, elaborate gardens, a swimming pool, water
slide, hammock house and the Esmeralda lounge all complement the
surrounding exotic environment and you can even stay in touch with
your home via free WiFi Internet. A special Full Day excursion to
the Canopy Walkway is available for Ceiba Tops guests staying 2 or
Explorama Lodge (Amazon Lodge)
Established in 1964, 80 km (50 mi) down the Amazon River, EXPLORAMA LODGE
is deep in primary rainforest and offers two-day or longer
excursions. Romantic kerosene torches and lamps illuminate
palm-thatched houses with 10-17 private sleeping rooms. Covered
connecting walkways lead to the Tahuampa Bar, the Dining Room, the
Sun Porch and two Hammock Houses. Showers & toilet facilities adjoin
each house. A variety of treks are offered, including the Seven
Bridges Trail walk. A special Full Day excursion to the Canopy
Walkway is available for Explorama Lodge guests staying 2 or more
Pacaya Samiria Amazon Lodge
Pacaya-Samiria Amazon Lodge
is one of the most exclusive lodges in the Peruvian
Amazon and a heaven for visitors in search of a quiet retreat. From
this unique place, our guests can visit the Pacaya-Samiria National
Reserve, which is the largest protected natural
area in Peru.
Surrounded by abundant rainforest,
Pacaya-Samiria Amazon Lodge
has been built in accordance with the architecture of the zone and
offers comfortable bungalows with private bathroom and terrace with
view to the river. Connecting elevated walkways lead to our
club-house, dining room, hammock room, watch-towers and hiking